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Disease Prevention Program: Using Literacy Materials to Improve Maternal and Child Health in Za’atari Refugee Camp

Mia Casciani


Background: Most research on maternal and child infectious disease health promotion has focused on community training and education, rather than using literacy materials to educate mothers and their children in an effort to prevent disease. Common infectious diseases that inflict mothers and children in refugee settings in Jordan include STIs, Parasitic infections, and Tuberculosis.


Aims: My research aims to explore the various literacy materials out there that promote health. Conducting a comparative analysis allows similarities to be assessed amongst a variety of programs that focus on a refugee population. An infectious disease health prevention program that utilizes literacy materials can then be developed that would be successful in Za’atari Refugee Camp in Jordan.


Method: Cross-examination, looking at program design, method, and implementation, will allow insight into effective health promotion education programs globally. Looking at program study size, results, and discussions will allow data to be pulled out that is consistent and relevant.


Results: Disease prevention and antenatal education programs for refugees have been developed in Ghana and Australia and designed by leaders for non-refugee settings. No disease prevention program implementation, using literacy materials, in refugee settings was found in academic literature. High income countries were not analyzed using this comparison analysis.


Conclusion: Health promotion education using children’s books is proven to be effective in low-income countries. Although no refugee settings were analyzed that used literacy materials, a program similar to those in the cross-examination may be successful in Za’atari Camp using proper literacy components.

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