Affecting millions across the world, childhood disability is an increasing global health concern, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). In addressing this growing burden on child development in LMIC settings, health rehabilitation services act as a critical role in enabling children with disabilities to lead an optimal, independent life. However, evidence demonstrates a lack of access to rehabilitation services for childhood disability in LMICs, and there is limited research surrounding the topic of providing these services for disabled children. This thesis engages in a review of the inequitable access to health rehabilitation services for disabled children that is perpetuated by various, interlinked environmental barriers, such as physical and sociocultural factors. Through examination of the barriers to rehabilitation, I will also discuss the literature on rehabilitation interventions that can be utilized to support children with disabilities in LMICs. In order to support efforts toward achieving optimal health and equity for disabled children in LMICs, this thesis advocates for holistic rehabilitation interventions targeting the barriers that limit their everyday functioning and well-being.
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